What is fascism and why does this type of political regime matсh with the one established in Russia?
A brief theoretical explanation of the main characteristics of fascist regimes, ideologies and movements:
• Authoritarianism and elitism as the ideals of the political organization of society and methods of management, decision-making within the movement.
• Nativism as a preference in the rights of people determined by ethnic origin, “anthropological” type, etc., the opposition between “our” people and the “other” – ethno-nationalism, racism, xenophobia.
• Populism as a way of providing simple and attractive answers to complex social issues, political demagoguery, manipulation of facts and myths, and other ways of proving one’s point and moral authority.
• Anti-liberalism/anti-communism/anti-feminism and other types of self-presentation through the opposition of other political trends, movements, ideologies or groups.
• Radicalism as a way of political struggle, allowing to carry out activities without the mediation of public institutions where it is required by law.
• Extremism as a way to achieve the desired results through extreme forms of conflict resolution – violence, etc.
This list is not exhaustive, yet it helps to easily identify typical fascist regimes, ideologies, or movements.